Cancer research

Clinical trials are an important way to support the development of new cancer treatments and improve cancer care.

Cancer research

What are cancer types and clinical groups?

Cancers are named after the tissues or cells in the body where they start (e.g. breast, lung or bone cancers). This is the cancer type.

Some cancer types are grouped together into clinical groups. An example are the head and neck cancers, which group together cancers that start in different parts of the head and neck area but often behave in the same way clinically.

Overall key findings:

  • In NSW, the number of cancer clinical trials open for people with cancer to join continues to increase.
  • Overall, in NSW, there are six enrolments in cancer clinical trials for every 100 people newly diagnosed with cancer.
  • Bowel and neurological cancer have the highest ratio of participant enrolments in clinical trials to newly diagnosed cancer cases.
  • In the cancer clinical trials that the Cancer Institute NSW supports;
    • There is a lower participation rate among patients in the lower socio‑economic areas of NSW.
    • Adolescents and young adults are more likely to participate in these clinical trials than other adults.