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Compared with the general NSW population, people living with an undiagnosed HIV infection were more likely to be diagnosed with cancer. HIV diagnoses tended to occur very rapidly following a cancer diagnosis.

The results do not support increasing intakes of B vitamins or other nutrients involved in one-carbon metabolism to reduce gastric cancer risk in a well-nourished population.

Excess body fatness, a trait that is of high and increasing prevalence globally, is responsible for a large proportion of the endometrial cancer burden, indicating the need for effective strategies to reduce adiposity.

There are marked variations in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) incidence rates in populations in each world region. Improving the quality of haematological information in population-based cancer registries would facilitate international comparisons of NHL incidence.

Incidence and mortality associated with liver cancer have increased substantially in the past three decades, in contrast to the improved outcomes observed for many other cancers.

People living with HIV in Australia are at a markedly higher risk of anal cancer, and the incidence of anal cancer is increasing in this population.

Alcohol consumption and current use of oral contraceptives for ≥5 years explains 18.8% of premenopausal future breast cancer burden, while overweight or obesity, current use of menopausal hormone therapy or alcohol consumption explains 24.2% of postmenopausal breast cancer burden.

Stage at diagnosis was applied to population data on children with blood cancers, showing variable survival by stage for acute lymphoblastic leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma, but no difference in survival by stage for acute myeloid leukemia. Almost all children with Hodgkin lymphoma survived five years.

Age-specific incidence rate ratios (IRRs) were lower/similar for breast and bowel cancers in younger and higher in older Aboriginal than non-Aboriginal people. All age-specific cervical cancer IRRs were higher for Aboriginal compared with non-Aboriginal people.