Proportion of excisions for primary liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma)

Why this indicator is important

Primary liver cancer is a cancer that starts in the cells of the liver. Cancers that spread to the liver from other parts of the body are known as secondary liver cancers.

The number of people being diagnosed with primary liver cancer increased significantly in NSW over the past 10 years.

There are a number of health problems that increase the risk of developing primary liver cancer. They include chronic hepatitis B and C infections, drinking alcohol at harmful levels, and being obese.

The management of primary liver cancer requires a multidisciplinary cancer care team (MDT) of health care professionals with experience in primary liver cancer treatment including surgery, who also provide appropriate care following treatment.

Given the complexity of treating primary liver cancer, it is recommended that people receive treatment at a facility which, in addition to having a MDT, also performs this surgery regularly.

About this indicator

The graph below shows the proportion of people in NSW undergoing surgery for their cancer, including primary liver cancer, in 2012-2015 and 2016-2019.

  • An average of 18.6% of people with primary liver cancer had major surgery for their cancer across NSW.

Annual average resections as a proportion of estimated incidence, by cancer type, by local health district (LHD) of residence, NSW, 2012–2015 and 2016–2019

N = Annual average number of people with a first admission for the specified cancer, 2016–2019.


  1. Data source: Admitted Patient, Emergency Department Attendance and Deaths Register (APEDDR).
  2. Resection rate is the proportion of people with a first admission for cancer who underwent a surgical resection.
  3. The following LHDs with substantial interstate outflow were excluded: Northern NSW LHD, Southern NSW LHD, Murrumbidgee LHD (including Albury) and Far West LHD.