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Distinct subgroups of patients were less likely to receive radiotherapy. Advocacy and/or policy changes are needed to improve access to radiotherapy.

The health service and diagnostic pathway to diagnosis differs markedly for people notified with CUP compared to those with metastatic cancer of known primary.

The capture of anticancer medicine use by the PBS was generally high but varied depending on cancer site. PBS data can be supplemented by MBS and inpatient data, to examine ‘fact of treatment’ with a very high capture.

International variations in ovarian cancer survival by stage were observed, with the largest differences for those in the oldest age group with advanced disease.

Lung cancers in children under the age of 15 are very uncommon, and detection of these cancers can be difficult due to the rarity of the disease and symptoms that are generally non-specific.

There has been a significant increase in hepatocellular cancer reported in Australia over the last three decades without evidence of slowing. Across the same time period, a significant improvement in survival has been identified.

During 1982-2013, AIHW estimates were consistently higher than our competing mortality-adjusted estimates of lifetime risks of diagnosis and death.

Overall decreases in cancer incidence and mortality in Australian adolescents and young adults are encouraging, however, consistently high mortality and poor survival for some cancers remain concerning.