Maintain a healthy weight
Eating a nutritious diet and doing regular exercise are essential habits to help you keep within a healthy weight range, no matter your age.
In fact, research shows that more than 15 types of cancer are more common in people who are above a healthy weight.1
Extra body fat, especially around the waist and vital organs (like the liver, kidneys and heart), leads to an increase in chemicals and hormones being released within the body. It may also lead to inflammation.2 This can alter how the cells in your body divide, which can increase the risk of cancer.
The bottom line is: maintaining a healthy weight is essential to help prevent cancer and improve your quality of life.
Jump to information about:
- The facts on weight and cancer
- The types of cancer linked to weight
- Do you have a healthy body weight?
- Achieve a healthy body weight: eat healthy and be more active
- More information and resources
- Our BMI calculator
Get the facts
Being above a healthy weight can increase your risk of more than 15 types of cancer1
Almost 4,000 cancer cases in Australia each year are caused by being overweight or obese4
More than half of NSW adults are overweight or obese3
More than 15 types of cancer are linked to weight
More than fifteen types of cancer are more common in people who are above a healthy weight.
These cancers include mouth and upper throat, larynx (voice box), oesophageal (food pipe), breast, liver, gallbladder, kidney, bowel (colon and rectum), multiple myeloma (a type of blood cancer), meningioma (a type of brain tumour), thyroid, gastric cardia (upper stomach), pancreatic, prostate, ovarian and uterine.5
Do you have a healthy body weight?
Overweight and obesity can be measured by the Body Mass Index (BMI).
Use our BMI calculator below to find out if you are within a healthy weight range.
You can also assess your body weight by measuring your waist. Fat stored around your middle increases your risk of disease.
For women, a waist measurement of 80 cm or more usually increases your risk of disease. A measurement of 88 cm or more means your risk is high.
For men, a waist measurement of 94 cm or more usually increases your risk of disease. A measurement of 102 cm or more means your risk is high.
* These measurements are a general guide and may change vary from person to person, depending on your ethnicity and other factors. If you are overweight, you could be at risk of developing cancer and other health issues. Book an appointment with your doctor or a dietitian to get help with managing your weight and health.
Achieve a healthy body weight with two key factors
Maintaining a healthy body weight can be challenging. It can be hard to know if you are taking the right steps to live a healthy lifestyle.
There are many other things you can do to work towards achieving a healthier weight and reducing your cancer risk in the future. Get all the facts and discover our practical tips to live a healthier life.
Studies show us that about one in four cancer cases can potentially be prevented through improvements in diet and physical activity.
More information and resources
- Get Healthy NSW offers free health coaching over the phone to help you reach your health goals including cutting down on alcohol.
- Healthy Eating Active Living is a NSW Government website with healthy eating tips and information on free programs to get you active. It aims to help you live a healthier life through food and exercise.
- The Australian Dietary Guidelines tell you what foods to eat and how much. They also tell you what foods to avoid.
- Australia’s Physical activity and sedentary behaviour guidelines tell you how much exercise you should do each day. They also give tips on how you can get started.
- The Staying well and preventing cancer flipchart was developed for community educators supporting multicultural communities. It starts the conversation around cancer prevention and healthy living behaviours including healthy eating, being active, being a healthy body weight, not smoking, protecting your skin and participating in cancer screening.
1. Steele CB, Thomas CC, Henley SJ, et al. Vital Signs: Trends in Incidence of Cancers Associated with Overweight and Obesity — United States, 2005–2014. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:1052–1058. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15585/mmwr.mm6639e1
2. Ellulu, M. S., Patimah, I., Khaza'ai, H., Rahmat, A., & Abed, Y. (2017). Obesity and inflammation: the linking mechanism and the complications. Archives of medical science : AMS, 13(4), 851–863. https://doi.org/10.5114/aoms.2016.58928
3. NSW Government. Snapshot November 2018: Adult overweight and obesity. Available at https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/heal/Publications/adult-obesity-snapshot.pdf Accessed 17 August 2020)
4. Kendall, B. J., Wilson, L. F., Olsen, C. M., Webb, P. M., Neale, R. E., Bain, C. J., & Whiteman, D. C. (2015). Cancers in Australia in 2010 attributable to overweight and obesity. Australian and New Zealand journal of public health, 39(5), 452–457. https://doi.org/10.1111/1753-6405.12458
5. World Cancer Research Fund Australian Institute for Cancer Research. Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: a Global Perspective. Continuous Update Project Exert Report 2018. Available from dietandcancerreport.org
6. Estimating the future burden of cancers preventable by better diet and physical activity in Australia, Peter D Baade, Xingqiong Meng, Craig Sinclair and Philippa Youl. Med J Aust 2012; 196 (5): 337-340. || doi: 10.5694/mja11.11082. Published online: 19 March 2012: https://www.mja.com.au/journal/2012/196/5/estimating-future-burden-cancers-preventable-better-diet-and-physical-activity